Rear springs changed to Volvo V40

Yesterday I was traveling with my mother-in-law’s Volvo V40 and started to listen that something is wrong at the left rear suspensions. Today I decided to take a look of it and found out that both rear springs were broken.

Luckily I had used spares available which were quite easy to change. The main thing is to dismantle the shock absorber and spring while they are under the car:

Other-ways you need to dismantle the whole suspension structure away which is not that easy. It is rather easy to get the parts out from the car and back this way.

Seems that for x40 Volvo about 10 years and/or some 200000 kilometers is the time when you need to change plenty of suspension parts. But I think this is quite reasonable for an everyday use car.

Volvo S40 T4 rear suspension rods

My dad has Volvo S40 T4 from year 2002 which currently have about 245000km under it’s belt. Some while ago I changed front shock absorber upper mounts and now its time to do something to the rear end. I will change all the rear suspension bars (dog bones), three both sides.




We are currently driving to Lappeenranta Motonet to get the parts. Based on their web page they should have those available in their shop.

Actual remove&replace will be done tomorrow or Monday if we get the parts.

X-rings ordered to viscous coupling unit

I visited our local bearing shop at Mansikkala area and they also recommended using X-rings. It seems that the original sealing is kind of square box shape which has a groove on axle facing side that is filled with some sort of foamy stuff. So X-shaped sealing is the closest one generally available product.

Unfortunately they did not had correct size X-ring available and it would have been an order from somewhere longer distance (inside Europe though). They had normal O-ring at that size, but I did not want to take that.

I drove to my favorite hydraulics shop at Kurkvuori area since I knew they also can deliver wide variety of seals and they use a different supplier to order than the bearing shop. It turned out that they were able to order from their supplier X-rings at size I was searching for. The exact size is 5,33 x 46,99mm and I agreed that they will take those when they do their next order to their supplier so I will save shipment costs. So probably X-rings arrive at the end of next week, but I’m not able to fetch them until the week after that due some coming travels. Hopefully the ordered seals will fit to my need, but that we shall see later.

Before the seals arrive I can dismantle the gearbox I taken out from my Sierra at the beginning of 2013 when I replaced also the engine. That gearbox is perfectly OK other vice, but it has also viscous coupling unit surrendered. So I will put this refurbished unit inside that gearbox and I have another faulty spare viscous coupling unit to refurbish sometime later when I have tested does this work as expected or not. 🙂

Choosing the silicone oil

Some years ago I studied this topic a little bit and came to a conclusion that I will use 60000 cSt silicone oils in my Sierra’s center viscous coupling unit. Today I did some Googling and tried to verify do I still agree with the outcome. It seems to be as hard as earlier to find proper facts about this. So I will use the stuff I ordered some years ago:


This fluid is meant to small RC cars, but based some real life tests by the others it seems to do it’s job quite well. I expect that I need to consume 2,5 bottles until the viscous coupling unit is full, but we will see that later.  There are different viscosity fluids available for RC cars ranging from some hundred cSt to 500000 cSt. By what some UK forums are saying you should not use more than max 300000 cSt fluids and there are some bad examples what happens with too thick syrups.

By current knowledge I have I’d say 50000-100000 cSt is the optimal range for normal use car, but people seem to have achieved some good results also with 12500 cSt Scania viscous fan fluids (561072). So beats me what should be used since this seem to be a secret science, but my choice has been made and I’ll use 60000 cSt. Unfortunately it most probably will take quite long time until I’m actually testing how this is working since this is my spare viscous coupling unit I’m working with. And in my car I have a brand new (bought some years ago) Sierra Cosworth viscous coupling unit installed at the beginning of 2013.

Wikipedia article about viscosity:

I also managed to find some specs about the sealings and seems that they should be X shaped O-rings XR 5.33×47.00mm. People seem to have also used standard O-rings with good results, but I think having original like sealing with double contacting surfaces should be much better. But let’s see when I visit local bearing shop with the parts and old rings since they usually are able to give really good hints.


Spare viscous coupling unit dismantled

I finished dismantling my spare viscous coupling unit and preliminary cleaning of the parts. Both sealings were totally end of their life and seems that some plates have been rather hot. But based on my understanding those parts turned to blue because of oil and hot conditions should be perfectly ok to reuse. Next thing is to find new sealings and start assembling it back to one piece.